Swachh lesson from Odisha

The FSSM system has been a success in designing a scalable solution to septage management. More needs to be done now to achieve universal coverage for safe human waste disposal

The Union Government, State Governments as well as local self-governments are grappling with the Herculean challenges of urban sanitation. Indeed, while the word “urban” should imply modern sanitation facilities, the fact remains that 68 per cent of urban households in India do not have access to a sewage network and 85 per cent of the liquid waste generated goes untreated. This often results in the contamination of groundwater and surface water which in turn manifests as water-borne diseases like diarrhoea and jaundice, the leading cause of child fatalities. Hookworms, which can spread through open defecation, cause anaemia and weight loss among women, besides severely impacting productivity, the well-being of the households and the community.

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